Can you imagine not having indoor plumbing? Society must have smelled horrible hundreds of years ago. Before modern plumbing was developed, people had unique ways to dispose of waste. Here is a brief history of plumbing.
Small aspects of plumbing began in 2500 B.C., when the Egyptians created the first drainage system. Water had a significant role in the priestly rituals of purification, so they needed easy access to the water. Fast forward a few hundred years to 1700 B.C. The Minoan Palace of Knossos on the isle of Crete had four drainage systems, each one emptied waste into a large sewer that was constructed of stone. Nearly a thousand years later, the first sewers in history were built. The Romans called it the Cloaca Maxima, and the sewers carried the water to the River Tiber, which ran along the city. The Assyrian king Sennacherib developed a system to bring in fresh water, which resulted in a 10 mile long canal that was built into three stages. It allowed fresh water to conveniently be transported in 18 pipes from the surrounding mountains.
Prior to 312 B.C., taking a bath typically meant you had to clean yourself in the rivers. Eventually, the Romans created aqueducts which supplied water to baths. Nearly 700 years later, Rome had 11 public baths, 1,352 public fountains and 856 private baths. Sir John Harrington took the drainage principle on the isle of Crete and expanded upon it. He invented a “washout” closet in 1596.
Rise of Indoor Plumbing
In 1738, disposing of waste became a lot more hygienic and simpler. JF Brondel invented the first valve type flush toilet, which allowed waste to flush into the sewer system instead of building up in one hole. Before the flush toilet was created, people living in homes would store their waste in a glass urinal or metal chamber. Once it was filled, people would dispose of them by tossing the contents out the window.
More than 30 years later, Alexander Cumming expanded development of the flush toilet, with a design similar to today’s toilets. Joseph Brammah took Cumming’s invention and improved it even more. He created two hinged valves and was known as the “Brammah.” It became the prototype for water closets on boats and ships.
In 1829, the Tremont Hotel in Boston became the first hotel to have indoor plumbing. Isaiah Rogers built the plumbing system in the hotel, including eight toilets. Plumbing was beginning to advance dramatically, but countries were developing at different rates. No one followed a specific protocol when it came to plumbing. In 1848, England passed the national Public Health Act. It created a set model for plumbing, and the rest of the world soon adopted the code as well.
As plumbing became more efficient, toilet paper was in higher demand. In 1857, Joseph Gayetty invented the first packaged toilet paper called Gayetty’s Medicated Paper. It was more comfortable and convenient for people to use.
Fortunately, we live in a society where indoor plumbing is the norm. If you are experiencing any problems with your plumbing, you don’t have to suffer. The experts at JMAC Plubing & Air Conditioning will fix the problem at an affordable price. They even offer 24 hour emergency service. For more information about plumbing services in Las Vegas, contact 702.227.5622.